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Topics discussed in Section D
devices and their
role in the
of mobile and
|From a White Paper on Personification's
the url was http://www.personification.com/Visual/White/mobilecomp.html
"The rapid growth in mobile telephony in recent years provides a strong model for the adoption of undeterred mobile computing. The Strategis group recently estimated that there will be around 500 million mobile phone users worldwide in 2001, and 700 million by 2003. Consistent with this projection, Nokia estimated that there will be a billion mobile phone subscribers worldwide by 2005. The rapid transition from fixed to mobile telephony will almost certainly be followed by a similar transition from fixed to mobile computing in the near future. Some of the key factors that are driving
the evolution and adoption of mobile computing are:
and mobile knowledge networking."
|.||Many of the professional service firms,
such as the accounting firms, law firms and management consulting companies
have addressed m-commerce in the PR material on their websites. PricewaterhouseCoopers
has a particularly good note on m-commerce since it addresses the all encompassing
aspects of its ffect on all business categories.
"The convergence of wireless devices and the Internet is creating an important new channel to market — and the next wave of change across industries. Mobile business, or m-business as it has come to be known, will enable organisations in every industry to
|Another business source discussing "convergence"
driving wireless and m-commerce.
"If the "wireless" future" is behind schedule, analysts say three converging trends
Profitguide says in their April 2001 issue
of mobile devices,
which need to be
demand new models of information delivery and knowledge management,"
says Dr. Mark Chignell, CTO of Personification Inc. and head of the Interactive
Media Lab at the University of Toronto.
To allow more data to be viewed on the cellphone screen, Personification has developed 2 new technologies, namely TextSummary and PhoneSummary
of mobile devices,
which need to be
however, despite this trend, Friedman cautions
"...You can't build much of a display into a mobile phone without seriously
compromising its portability, and unlike computers, most mobile devices
are designed to be operated with one hand.... The killer app for the wireless
Internet may not be traditional Web browsing at all — at least not in the
short term — but direct, person-to-business electronic commerce.
In effect, the wireless device becomes a combination of interface, credit
card, smart card and ATM."
|"... the shift to wireless"||April 2000
To access the original report from IDC, written by Iain Gillot, see below.
"The truth is that there are a whole lot of cell phones and mobile devices in Canada, and they're growing rapidly," said Mark Dickelman, vice-president of m-commerce and wireless at the Bank of Montreal
"The mobile Internet market is growing quickly, but bandwidth and handset design limitations mean the wireless experience won't match the desktop experience any time soon."
Mike O'Farrell, executive vice-president for business development of Toronto-based mobile developer PCS Innovations Inc.
"... WAP has to overcome at least two substantial obstacles before it's really ready for prime time. The first problem is that for now, digital wireless connections are limited to a glacial 9600 bits per second — about a sixth the speed of a pokey 56k modem. It's unlikely that anyone would have much of an "Internet experience" at that pace. However, the bandwidth issues are sure to be solved in due course.
A more serious question is whether
handheld, mobile wireless devices like cell phones and personal digital
assistants are even particularly well suited to online browsing. You
can't build much of a display into a mobile phone without seriously compromising
its portability, and unlike computers, most mobile devices are designed
to be operated with one hand."
|Q. Who are some
of the early players
in the wireless web
A - Phone companies
|CNET had a story in December 1999 about
Bell Atlantic's offering of wireless
|.||Everybody seems to have some say on the
situation of wireless business and mobile e-commerce (m-commerce for short).
Most of the time we see articles and opinons on m-commerce in leading newspapers
and e-zines but there are also trade publications and industry association
reports that discuss this impending tidal wave.
Or, is it just hype?
Is it a case of technology seeking a purpose?
By mid-2001 we have seen enough talk about m-commerce to presently be aware of journalists and e-experts discussing how the wireless world, in terms of actual business activity, is taking off more slowly than anticipated?
Why is this the case?
Is there a problem finding the killer ap among business to lead wireless commerce around the world?
People always say that if you forget history you are doomed to repeat it - in this case, it would do us well to look at how some killer aps boosted older technologies - and by looking at those older situations, see if we can find some twinkle or sign that will allow us to know what will be the killer ap that will cause wireless services to take off.
|What were record
players used for in the beginning, and why were they invented?
The pioneers of the record player were Thomas Edison, (1847–1878) with his phonograph, and Emile Berliner (1851–1929), who invented the predecessor of the vinyl record 1896. Edison's records were made of tinfoil, upon which a groove of unvarying lateral direction but varying depth was cut.
Edison claims to have had as one of his original purposes, being the relationship between a businessman dictating letters to a secretary. Edison tried to produce a machine that would record the gentleman's speech, which could then be later played back by the secretary in a manner which would allow her to type out the words.
What we fail to see sometimes is how quickly older inventions also spread fast and had their diverted and entertaining applications. How many readers of this page would be surprised to learn that edible records made of chocolate were a culinary delight in 1903.
Of course, in 2001, we know that the phonograph's Killer Ap was not business oriented, but rather applied to music and it was entertainment purposes that drove subsequent developments.
The reason we deliberate on this historical tale in IEC 802/812 is to keep in mind that all the businesses presently trying to find a great Ap for wireless technology, may be missing (what has been historically a great driver of inventions) the most powerful Ap - entertainment.
written with notes
from Prof. Richardson's class on History of Technology
|.||Wireless e-business will not develop strongly
unless there is a "killer ap". A really good application of any
technological development has always been necessary in order for something
to become very popular.
Therefore we will look at some of the developments
in wireless banking to see if there is, or is not, a potential there.
Solomon cautions that "Wireless won't be a big money-maker for the financial services industry, but banks and brokerages are slowly adding it to their product offerings" because no one wants to be left behind.
If there room for optimism. Solomon notes
" industry analysts say there's no one wireless killer app, getting
access to financial services is thought to be one of the biggest reasons
why people will want Internet-enabled cellphones and personal digital devices,
which are slowly entering the market."
The situation in March 2001How is Canada doing in the international arena of wireless banking?
"Canadian financial institutions have been among the North American leaders in offering wireless access. Schwab Canada was the first brokerage, beating its U.S. parent to the air."
In conclusion, Solomon offers that "the
future of wireless financial services is in the hands of carriers and device
manufacturers. With bigger screens, users can get graphs and more
than three lines of information. But the networks that can handle
such data are at least a year away."
The full story, at
BOM implemented the Sun infrastructure
and hardware and 724’s E10,000 solution in anticipation of customer
demands. Dickelman noted "the wireless market may not have boomed yet,
but when it does the bank will have a well-run solution. Veev.com
allows the bank’s wireless clients to access all account transactions,
re-order cheques, take part in the bank’s brokerage services and do some
trading," according to Dickelman.
to the human
|the human business
the human business
the human business
the human business
16th century Germany - the village blacksmith locates his forge next to the inn, which has stables for horses (which needs his horseshoes) and cooks that need his metal utensils - he is across the street from the local church which draws a large group of travellers from the outlying farms twice a week.
20th century Scarborough - the Macdonald's franchise owner buys real estate across from the local high school, which is adjacent to a medium size mall which is only served presently by a Becker's and a Tim Horton's.
Both of these situations are location determinant - meaning the factors of
21st century downtown Toronto - February 2000 - a renovated building in the fashion district, now housing dot.coms. A website with small sized consumer products for sale. Content is multilingual and payments systems are varied. Shipping is cost effective.
21st century northern Mississauga - October 2002 - a renovated warehouse formerly belonging to Nortel Networks. A m-commerce service center uses advanced Bluetooth technology to target cell phone carrying pedestrians in the downtown Toronto core. The client, Tim Horton's which has been specializing in small size franchise locations.
|This assignment due to hand in the Tuesday of the Second week of the last month of the term|
|This assignment is worth 6% of your final
grade and is part of the final Test #3
Test #3 =
see Grading Details
|This is a Special
Assignment which demonstrates using the internet for "remote learning and
evaluation". You may do this work using the computers in the classroom,
or do it at home.
Using the material, information, and links on this page "outline136d.htm", answer the following questions.
1. Using your own words, what are some
of the ways the Internet is effecting the way politicians try to capture
attention, and win elections
|Politics...............||The Internet's role in politics
Will the Internet change media's role in politics?
|Politics..................||The Internet's role in politics
The past Ontario Provincial Election
The United States presidential election
"Estimates suggest that only 10 percent
of the population has ever been on the Internet -- and had the chance to
see politics newsgroups and freewheeling debate. Yet nine Republican candidates
-- and the
|Future||What will the Internet of tomorrow
"When the Internet first came into our lives, it promised us virtually everything -- virtual schools, virtual offices, virtual shopping, virtual romance, even virtual religion. To a certain degree, the Net has kept its promise. We can now "attend" classes via e-mail and chat rooms, report for work in our pyjamas, buy groceries online, go on cyberdates and say our prayers in cybermass."
"Bill St. Arnaud, senior director at Canarie Inc., a non-profit Internet development organization based in Ottawa, points to file-sharing models such as Napster and Gnutella as examples of where the Internet is headed. These decentralized "peer-to-peer" frameworks, which allow Internet users to share content with each other without a main controlling gateway, will become more common in the future. "It's getting away from control and authority," he says. "New ways of delivering content will be established, and we will be doing things like downloading movies for free, allowing non-traditional moviemakers to get a worldwide audience, but the bottom line for users is that there will be a greater richness and availability of information and content, from music to videos and so forth."
High-speed broadband connections, which can transmit higher concentrations of data at a faster clip, will further encourage this proliferation of media-rich content. Consequently, says Markus Hoffman at Lucent Technologies, the Internet will become less text-heavy and more audiovisual.
Anthony Anirud, a senior telecommunications analyst with IDC Canada, envisions the Internet of tomorrow as a truly visual and interactive medium that goes beyond just leaving video messages on someone's e-mail. At present, video conferencing over the Internet is a slow and awkward business, with slow-moving images and delays in transmission of both audio and visual data.
The convergence of voice and data networks will radically change how we use the Internet, says Mr. Anirud. "Once this takes off, we could be visually corresponding back and forth in real time. In fact, any kind of visual content on the Internet will become interactive."
While it all sounds exciting, there is
a downside: As peer-to-networking and high-speed broadband connections
make information even more easily accessible than it is today, content
on the Internet will inevitably become downgraded, in both actual and perceived
quality, says Mr. St. Arnaud."
|Has the Web's popularity peaked?
"But a couple of recent studies point to the possibility that Internet growth is slowing down, perhaps even levelling off."
"The first hint was when December  figures showed that, for the first time, the number of hours people spent online had fallen -- from 19.2 to 17.6 hours per month. But researchers concluded that it had more to do with families spending more time together during the holidays than with any real slow-down. But the trend has continued. According to PC Data Online figures, 36 of the 50 most popular Web properties actually experienced a decline in traffic in January. Among the Top 10 sites, for instance, Yahoo.com's traffic fell 2.3 per cent and AOL.com's fell a mere 0.5 per cent, but others experienced greater declines, including Passport.com (4 per cent), Geocities.com (3.8 per cent), eBay.com (2.8 per cent), Lycos.com (6.2 per cent) and Amazon.com (19.6 per cent). Traffic at some sites in the Top 100 fell by as much as 62.2 per cent. PC Data Online didn't provide aggregate figures for Net traffic."
"last week,[Feb 15, 2001] research
firm Ipsos-Reid released a study that concluded Internet growth is slowing
down and even stalling in parts of the world. The study, The Face Of The
Web, shows that Internet usage is highly concentrated
in a few countries -- particularly in North America, Europe and
a few pockets elsewhere -- but is slowing in most others. In fact, it found
that up to a third of the world not only has no intention of going online,
it has never even heard of the Internet. The study says there are about
350 million regular Internet users, about 6 per cent of the world's population.
That's up 16 per cent over 1999, but well below previous annual growth
rates. If the trend continues, the Net's population
won't come close to the 1 billion total predicted by a number of industry
New research seems to indicate Internet economy heading into a “seventh inning stretch”
"Internet growth is slowing and even stalling in parts of the world, according to Ipsos-Reid, a leading international research firm. The company's study, The Face of the Web, shows that usage is highly concentrated in a few countries, exhibits signs of slowing growth in several others, and that up to a third of the world has neither heard of the Internet nor has any intention of going online anytime soon. The Face of the Web's projections peg the worldwide Internet population at about 350 million regular users, up about 16% year-over-over, which is a decent showing but far below growth levels in previous years"
Slower Growth Doesn't Mean Demise
"Some of the company’s [Ipsos Reid] ongoing
global Internet research shows that: